Written Agreement Between Two Or More States

[35] Buenger et al., Note 2 above, at 237. The objectives can be formulated by targeting two target groups: the legislators of States that propose to conclude the Covenant before it is approved by them, and thereafter for those who will act under the Covenant, as well as any court that may be called upon to interpret or apply it. Most early intergovernmental pacts resolved border disputes, but since the beginning of the 20th century, pacts have been increasingly used as an instrument of state cooperation. [2] In some cases, an agreement creates a new government state agency responsible for managing or improving a common resource such as a seaport or public transportation infrastructure. While in the past intergovernmental pacts only included states as parties, the federal government has recently been involved in some pacts. [73] Indeed, some covenants require a representative of the federal government to participate in compact governance. For example, the Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Tunnel Compact requires that a thirteen-member board member governing the pact be appointed by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation, as mentioned above. [74] Some covenants have been transposed into federal law by Congress and provide for direct involvement of the federal government in matters dealt with in the Covenant, such as.B.

the Interstate Agreement on Detainees,[75] which applies to the transfer of prisoners convicted for unrelated trials. Pacts that receive congressional approval become federal law. As treaties between States, covenants affect the rights and obligations of States parties (and their citizens); The U.S. Supreme Court has emphasized that the interests of non-party states could be a factor in deciding whether congressional approval is required. .

This entry was posted in Uncategorized by admin. Bookmark the permalink.